My research program is focused on plant responses to multiple environmental factors, such as carbon dioxide, temperature, ultraviolet-B radiation, light quality, and water stress. I am interested in how plants cope with stress factors, and what regulates their responses. I am also interested in the mechanism of methane emissions from plants, and how this phenomenon is affected by stress factors. We use a multifaceted approach to address climate change effects on plants. Current research projects in my lab can be categorized into five interrelated areas: (1) physiological ecology of stressed plants, (2) hormonal regulation of stress tolerance in plants, (2) effects of stress factors on plant secondary metabolites, (4) aerobic methane emissions from stressed plants, and (5) developmental biology of seeds