Logo #1: capital letters T, M and C side by side in colours of yellow, teal, and dark grey, respectively. “Transforming Military Cultures” is written in black font across T, M and C.


 

 

Click the section below
to view and download
our full list of
TMC Working Papers.

The Arbour report and beyond

By Maya Eichler, Tammy George, and Nancy Taber

Abridged version now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

        En Français : Le rapport Arbour et les prochaines étapes


Women’s deployment experiences: Safety, barriers,
and CAF culture change

By Sandra Biskupski-Mujanovic

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Expériences de déploiement des femmes : sécurité, obstacles et changement de culture dans les Forces armées canadiennes


Hidden in plain sight: Ritual items as
inhibitors to culture change 

By Walter Callaghan

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Cachés au vu et au su de tous,
les objets de rituels font obstacle au changement de culture


Getting to the root of the problem? Understanding and changing Canadian military culture

By Maya Eichler and Vanessa Brown

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Remonter à la source du problème :
comprendre et changer la culture militaire canadienne


‘I’m not your typical white soldier’: Interrogating whiteness and power in the Canadian Armed Forces

By Tammy George

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : « Je ne suis pas un soldat blanc type » : remise en cause de la blanchité et du pouvoir dans les Forces armées canadiennes


Trauma and military cultures:
Transformation through community

By Ash Grover

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Traumatismes et cultures militaires : la transformation grâce à la communauté


Gender identity, professional identity, and military culture: Challenges in the implementation of gender policies in the Argentinian Armed Forces

By Laura Masson

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Identité de genre, identité professionnelle et culture militaire : défis liés à la mise en œuvre de politiques sur l’égalité entre les sexes dans les forces armées argentines


Applying Bloom’s taxonomy to individual learning in the CAF:
Education, policies, and culture change

By Emily Reiman


Supporting military families:
Challenging or reinforcing patriarchy?

By Leigh Spanner

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Le soutien apporté aux familles militaires favorise-t-il le patriarcat?


Understanding and addressing
opposition to transforming military cultures:
Moving from technical and humanist to critical learning

By Nancy Taber

Now published in the Canadian Military Journal

 

En Français : Comprendre l’opposition à la transformation des cultures militaires et y faire face : de l’apprentissage technique et humaniste à l’apprentissage critique


 

 

Click the section below for our
TMC Resources.

TMC Network symposium final report 2023-24
Dare to Disrupt the Status Quo:
Envisioning Alternatives for Military Culture

By TMC Network

Note: Due to website size limitations, the report cannot be uploaded without compromising the quality of the embedded images. Please contact tmc@msvu.ca if you would like a copy of the report.


Infographic developed by Ash Grover on “Trauma-Informed Practice for Military Culture Change”

TMC Trauma-Informed Practice Infographic


Graphic recording created by Rachel Derrah
of themes that emerged from the TMC Network Symposium in Ottawa, November 17‒19, 2023

 


Infographic developed by Ash Grover on
“Understanding anti-oppression as a framework
for military culture change”

TMC Anti-Oppression Infographic_ENGLISH

 

TMC Anti-Oppression Infographic_FRENCH
“Comprendre l’anti-oppression comme cadre du changement de culture militaire”

 


Infographic developed by Marshall Gerbrandt on
“CAF Culture Change: A Critical Approach to Learning”

TMC CAF Culture Change Infographic

 


NATO HFM-RWS-363 Workshop final report

Understanding of Military Culture to Support Organizational Change: Systems Approaches, Critical Analyses, and Innovative Research Methods

By TMC Network

Note: Due to website size limitations, the report cannot be uploaded without compromising the quality of the embedded images. Please contact tmc@msvu.ca if you would like a copy of the report.

 


Tell your own truth: Trauma-informed writing

By Kelly S. Thompson

 


TMC Network symposium final report
Military culture change beyond the checkbox

By TMC Network

Note: Due to website size limitations, the report cannot be uploaded without compromising the quality of the embedded images. Please contact tmc@msvu.ca if you would like a copy of the report.

 


Graphic recording created by Rachel Derrah
of themes that emerged from Dr. Kelly S. Thompson’s
public lecture at the TMC Network Symposium
on Friday, February 17, 2023

 


Graphic recording created by Rachel Derrah
of themes that emerged from the TMC Network Symposium 
on Saturday February 18, 2023, and Sunday, February 19, 2023


 

Click the section below
for a list of recordings from TMC Events.

Recording of the panel on November 18, 2023, “Lessons Learned on Culture Change from Across Sectors,” at the TMC Network annual symposium, Dare to Disrupt the Status Quo: Envisioning Alternatives for Military Culture, in Ottawa, Ontario. The panel is chaired by Dr. Maya Eichler and presenters include Tammy George, Donna Mcleod, Gail Russell, and Sabrina Razack.

 

» Read the transcript of the panel Lessons Learned on Culture Change from Across Sectors.

 


Recording of the opening panel on November 17, 2023, “Learning from Lived Experience,” at the TMC Network annual symposium, Dare to Disrupt the Status Quo: Envisioning Alternatives for Military Culture, in Ottawa, Ontario. The panel is chaired by Dr. Maya Eichler and presenters include Sharp Dopler, Nadine Schultz-Nielsen, and Christine Wood. 

 

» Read the transcript of the opening panel Learning from Lived Experience.

 


Recording of our webinar, “International Perspectives on Transforming Military Cultures,” moderated by Dr. Nancy Taber on January 24, 2024. Presenters include: Kyleanne Hunter, Morten Ender, Chiara Ruffa, Annick Wibben, and Hannah West.

 


Recording of our webinar, “Trauma-Informed Practice for Military Culture Change,” moderated by Dr. Tammy George on December 6, 2023. Presenters include: Ash Grover, Ruth Stanley-Aikens, and John Whelan.

 


Recording of Marshall Gerbrandt’s webinar on June 14, 2023, “Culture Change in the Canadian Armed Forces: What’s Adult Learning Got to Do with It?”

 


Recording of Professor Victoria Basham’s keynote lecture on May 10, 2023, “Adaptive Forces? How does Military Culture Inhibit, Manage, and Engender Organizational Change?,” at the NATO HFM RWS Workshop in Stockholm, Sweden.

 

» Read the transcript of Professor Victoria Basham’s keynote lecture.

 


Recording of Shauna Mulligan’s webinar on April 25, 2023, “Indigenous People in the Military.”

 


Recording of Dr. Cynthia Enloe’s keynote lecture on February 18, 2o23, “A Feminist Conversation on Military Culture Change,” at the TMC Network annual symposium, Military Culture Change Beyond the Checkbox, at MSVU, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

 

» Read the transcript of Dr. Cynthia Enloe’s keynote lecture.

 


Recording of Dr. Kelly S. Thompson’s public lecture on February 17, 2o23, “Changing Military Culture Through True Stories,” at the TMC Network annual symposium, Military Culture Change Beyond the Checkbox, at MSVU, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

 

» Read the transcript of Dr. Kelly S. Thompson’s public lecture.

 


Recording of our roundtable chaired by Dr. Nancy Taber on November 22, 2022, “International Perspectives on Transforming Military Cultures.”  Presenters include: Samantha Crompvoets, Laura Masson, Anna Mensah, and Ben Wadham.

 


Recording of our webinar facilitated by Ash Grover on November 7, 2022, “Understanding Anti-Oppression: A Framework for Military Culture Change.”


 

Click the section below
for a list of recent
TMC Member Presentations
and Publications.

Take a look at recent presentations and publications by TMC Network members on the topic of military culture and its transformation.


Presentations

» TMC Network co-director Maya Eichler, together with Christine Wood, Nadine Schultz-Nielsen, and Karen Breeck, spoke at the panel, “Canadian Sexual Misconduct Class Action: Lessons Learnt,” for the International Colloquium on Military Sexual and Other forms of Abuse of the Australasian Services Care Network on June 27, 2023.

 

 

» On April 3, 2023, TMC Network co-directors Maya Eichler, Tammy George, and Nancy Taber presented at the ASCN International Virtual Colloquium on Military, Veterans, and Families Wellbeing.

 

» On March 21, 2023, TMC Network members Ash Grover and Isabelle Richer each presented their respective research at the 2023 CDSN Capstone Laureate Seminar, which took place at the University of Calgary and was livestreamed in both English and French. Recordings of the event and all of the presentations can be found here: https://www.cdsn-rcds.com/capstone-2023


Publications

Bailie, A., Mansfield, O., Meagher, H., Reeves, K., & Smith, E. (2023). Youth perspectives
on military culture change. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 77‒78. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page77.html

Biskupski-Mujanovic, S. (2022). The “lucky ones” and those that weren’t: Sexual misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, 28(2), 144–159. https://doi.org/10.1080/11926422.2022.2071955

Biskupski-Mujanovic, S. (2023, May 31). Lead by example: Culture change in DND/CAF’s CNAP3 Implementation Plan. TMC Network Blog.

Biskupski-Mujanovic, S. (2023). Breaking the glass floor: CAF culture change through mentorship for women (p. 11) [Policy Perspective]. Prepared for the Canadian Global Affairs Institute. https://www.cgai.ca/breaking_the_glass_floor_caf_culture_change_through_mentorship_for_women

Biskupski-Mujanovic, S. (2023). Women’s deployment experiences: Safety, barriers, and
CAF culture change. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 60‒64. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page60.html

Callaghan, W. (2023). Critical intercession for non-religious Canadian Veterans on the intersections of moral injury, religion, and spirituality. Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health, 9(2), 91–95. https://doi.org/10.3138/jmvfh-2022-0046

Callaghan, W. (2023). Hidden in plain sight: Ritual items as inhibitors to culture change.
Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 65‒68. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page65.html

Crompvoets, S. (2021). Blood lust, trust and blame. Monash University Publishing. https://publishing.monash.edu/product/blood-lust-trust-and-blame/

Davis, K. (2022). H-Diplo Article Review 1139-Davis on Campbell, “How Emerging Trends in Historiography Expose the Canadian Army’s Past Discriminatory Practices and Provide Hope for Future Change.” H-Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online.

Davis, K. (2022). Socio-cultural dynamics in gender and military contexts: Seeking and understanding change. Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health, 8(Special Edition 1), 66–74. https://doi.org/10.3138/jmvfh-2021-0088

Davis, K. (2023). Feminism and the military: Misconceptions and possibilities. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 69‒73. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page69.html

Dawson, J., & Ender, M. G. (2023). The U.S. Army case for diversity, equity, and inclusion. In T. Melaku, A. Beeman, & C. Winkler (Eds.), The Rowman & Littlefield handbook on workplace diversity and stratification (pp. 365-385). Rowman & Littlefield.

Eichler, M. (2022, Nov. 9). Let’s speak more of peace when we remember war. Saltwire. https://www.saltwire.com/atlantic-canada/opinion/maya-eichler-lets-speak-more-of-peace-when-we-remember-war-100792663/

Eichler, M., & Brown, V. (2023). Getting to the root of the problem: Understanding and changing Canadian military culture. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 6–13. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page6.html

Eichler, M., George, T., & Taber, N. (2022, June 6). Eichler, George and Taber: Add civilians and stir? Meaningful culture change in Canada’s military won’t be an easy job. Ottawa Citizen. https://ottawacitizen.com/opinion/eichler-george-and-taber-add-civilians-and-stir meaningful-culture-change-in-canadas-military-wont-be-an-easy-job

Eichler, M., George, T., & Taber, N. (2023). The Arbour report and beyond. Canadian Military Journal, 23(2), 35–44. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-232page35.html

Eichler, M., George, T., & Taber, N. (2023, Sept 26). Transforming (military) cultures: Getting serious about change. TMC Network Blog.

Eichler, M., George, T., & Taber, N. (Eds.). (2023). Transforming military cultures [Special issue]. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3). http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-23.3-toc-en.html

Eichler, M., George, T., & Taber, N. (2023). Editorial: Transforming military cultures. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 3‒5. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page3.html

Eichler, M., Whelan, J., Aluie, L., & Smith-Evans, K. (2023). Military masculinity and culture change in the Canadian Armed Forces [Briefing paper]. Centre for Social Innovation and Community Engagement in Military Affairs, Mount Saint Vincent University. https://www.msvu.ca/research-at-the-mount/centres-and-institutes/centre-for-social-innovation-and-community-engagement-in-military-affairs/reports/

Gender Representation and Diversity Consultation Group. (2021). Gender representation and diversity consultation group: Summary report (pp. 1–111) [Schedule O Summary Report].
*Please contact tmc@msvu.ca if you would like a copy of this report.

George, T. (2022, Nov. 2). Culture change meets health and wellness: Reflections on our CIMVHR workshop. TMC Network Blog.

George, T. (2023). “I’m not your typical white soldier”: Interrogating whiteness and power in the Canadian Armed Forces. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 14‒21. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page14.html

Gerbrandt, M. (2023). Between military intent and experience: Understanding disconnect through institutional ethnography. Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 22(4). 140-162. https://jmss.org/article/view/77023/57069

Gerbrandt, M. (2023, July 5). Institutional ethnography: Understanding the gap between Canadian Armed Forces values and everyday experiences within training and education. TMC Network Blog.

Gerbrandt, M. (2023). Unlearning and reflection: Educating culture in the Canadian Armed Forces (p. 15) [Policy Perspective]. Prepared for the Canadian Global Affairs Institute. https://www.cgai.ca/unlearning_and_reflection_educating_culture_in_the_canadian_armed_forces

Grover, A. (2022). Understanding anti-oppression as a framework for military culture change [TMC resource]. Transforming Military Cultures (TMC) Network.

Grover, A. (2022, Nov. 21). Why anti-oppression practice is not (and never should be) straightforward. TMC Network Blog.

Grover, A. (2023). Trauma and military cultures: Transformation through community.
Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 37‒42. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page37.html

Grover, A. (2023, April 12). Writing to create culture change. TMC Network Blog.

Kelty, R., DeAngelis, K. K., Ender, M. G., Matthews, M. D., & Rohall, D. E. (2023). American attitudes toward military service of transgender people. In J. E. Parco, D. A. Levy, D. DePorres, & A. Sandoval (Eds.), Attitudes aren’t free: A call to action (Vol. II, pp. 305-323). Enso Books.

Lawn, S., Waddell, E., Roberts, L., Beks, T., Sharp, T., McNeill, L., Everittt, D., Bowes, L., Mordaunt, D., Tarrant., van Hoof, M., Lane, J., Wadham., B. (2024). No women’s land: Australian women veterans’ experiences of the culture of military service and transition, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2024, 21(4), 479. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph21040479

MacKenzie, M. (2023). Good soldiers don’t rape: The stories we tell about military sexual violence. Cambridge University Press.

MacKenzie, M., & Wadham, B. (2023). Is the problem with military culture one of bad apples or bad orchards?: War crimes, scandals, and persistent dysfunction. Australian Journal of Political Science, 1–11. https://www.doi.org/10.1080/10361146.2023.2223502

Masson, L. (2023). Gender identity, professional identity, and military culture: Challenges in the implementation of gender policies in the Argentinian Armed Forces. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 49–56. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page49.html

Okros, A. (2023). Anticipating future culture struggles over contested military identities. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 43–48. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page43.html

Reeves, K. (2023, June 29). “It was sad. It was shitty”: How Children in Military Families Experience Military Culture. TMC Network Blog.

Reiman, E. (2022). The view looking up: A Junior NCM perspective on culture change. Canadian Military Journal, 22(4), 36–42. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/PDFs/CMJ224Ep36.pdf

Scoppio, G, & Greco, S. (Eds.) (2022). The power of diversity in the armed forces: International perspectives on immigrant participation in the military. McGill-Queen’s University Press. https://www.mqup.ca/the-power-of-diversity-in-the-armed-forces-products-9780228011101.php

Shoemaker, M. (2023). Power and culture change in the military. Canadian Military
Journal, 23(3), 57‒59. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page57.html

Spanner, L. (2023). Supporting military families: Challenging or reinforcing patriarchy?
Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 22‒29. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page22.html

Taber, N. (2022, Dec. 6). International Perspectives. TMC Network Blog.

Taber, N. (2022). “Trusted to serve”: Rethinking the CAF ethos for cultural change. Canadian Military Journal, 22(3), 13–19. https://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page13.html

Taber, N. (2023). Understanding and addressing opposition to transforming military cultures: Moving from technical and humanist to critical learning. Canadian Military Journal, 23(3), 30–36. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/cmj-article-en-page30.html

Taber, N. (2024). Merging historical feminist fiction-based research with the craft of fiction writing: Engaging readers in complex academic topics through story. Brock Education Journal, 33(1), 147-165. https://journals.library.brocku.ca/brocked/index.php/home/article/view/1126

Taber, N., & Shoemaker, M. (2023). A force to imagine: A feminist rethinking of universality of service. Journal of Military, Veteran, and Family Health. https://doi.org/10.3138/jmvfh-2023-0011

Wadham, B., & Connor, J. (2022, August 14). Royal commission delivers damning interim report on defence and veteran suicide. Here’s what happens next. The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/royal-commission-delivers-damning-interim-report-on-defence-and-veteran-suicide-heres-what-happens-next-188579

Wadham, B., & Connor, J. (2023). Commanding men, governing masculinities: Military institutional abuse and organizational reform in the Australian armed forces. Gender, Work and Organization, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12986

Wadham, B., Connor, J., Hamner, K., & Lawn, S. (2023). Raped, beaten and bruised: Military institutional abuse, identity wounds and veteran suicide, Critical Military Studies, 1–20. http://doi.org/10.1080/23337486.2023.2245286

Wadham, B., Connor, J., Toole, K., & Thomas, E. (2023). Mapping service and transition to self-harm and suicidality (p. 202) [Research paper prepared for the Royal Commission into Defence and Veteran Suicide]. Open Door: Understanding and Supporting Service Personnel and their Families, Flinders University. https://defenceveteransuicide.royalcommission.gov.au/publications/mapping-service-and-transition-self-harm-and-suicidality

Whelan, J., & Eichler, M. (2022). Breaking ranks: How medically released Canadian military veteran men understand the PTSD diagnosis. Journal of Veterans Studies, 8(3), 25–36. http://doi.org/10.21061/jvs.v8i3.345