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Project Description

When caregiving results in involuntary retirement: Well-being in the later years (PDF- 91 KB)


This project used a mixed methods approach to explore the specific conditions under which individuals retire earlier than planned and how these conditions influence their health. Specifically, this research looked at how caregiving responsibilities lead to involuntary, early retirement and the implications of that for Nova Scotians’ attachments to the paid labour force, their ability to plan financially and in other ways for their retirement, and their retirement experiences during the later years.

Data from the 2002 General Social Survey were analysed, and 44 caregivers around the province interviewed.



Publications and Presentations


Final report (PDF- 353 KB)      

Retiring early for caregiving fact sheet (PDF- 266 KB)


Humble, A. M., & Keefe, J. A. (2009, October). Retiring early to provide care: The decision making process and perceptions of choice. Poster presented at the 2009 15th Qualitative Health Research Conference, Vancouver, BC.


Humble, A. M., Salmon, N., & Keefe, J. A. (2009, May 9). Retiring to give care: Caregivers' decisions and preferences. Paper presented at the Atlantic Caregiver Expo, Halifax, NS.


Humble, A. M., Keefe, J. A., & Auton, G. M. (2007, December). Caregivers and retirement congruency: Findings from a mixed method study. Paper presented at the 3rd annual meeting of the Population, Work and Family Policy Research Collaboration, Ottawa, Ontario.


Humble, A. M., Auton, G., & Keefe, J. (2007, November). Wanting to stay employed but not able: Retirement congruency in caregivers. Paper presented at the annual scientific and educational meeting of the Canadian Association on Gerontology, Calgary, AB.


Humble, A. M., Auton, G., Keefe, J. A., & Byrne, J. (2007, June). Caregivers and retirement congruency. Poster presented at “Caregivers: Essential Partners in Care” conference, part of the Festival of International Conferences on Caregiving, Disability, Aging, and Technology, Toronto.


Byrne, J., & Humble, A. (2006). An introduction to mixed methods research (PDF- 1 KB).