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Research Tools and Resources


 SE Space | Library Guide | SE Blogs | Fact Sheets | Bibliographies and Reference Lists | Additional Publications, Presentations and Websites | International | Free Online Data for Community Research

The following resources may be useful for those studying various aspects of the social economy. For further information see the What is the Social Economy section of our website.

Social Economy Atlantic Portal (SE Space):

Social Economy Atlantic Portal (SE Space): Browse the searchable database for direct links to resources available under a number of different communities.

On February 10th, 2011, we launched the SE Space. To know more about the benefits of the repository, who can contribute and how, check out the PowerPoint from the launch HERE.

MSVU Library Guides

The Mount Saint Vincent University Library LibGuide - Social Economy - has three guides available online with references related to social economy:

Social Economy Guide to social enterprise, co-operatives, community-based businesses, non-profits and the voluntary sector

The SE library guide has been developed as a joint project between the Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network and the MSVU library.

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SE Blogs

SE Project Blog:

Blog of community partner and Co-Director Seth Asimakos of the Saint John Community Loan Fund, NB. Seth wants to encourage discussion of "Value Added in the SE Brand". Go ahead, add your comments!

The Social Economy of Atlantic Canada Blog:

Check out this blog, created to encourage discussion on social economy issues of Atlantic Canada. Here you will find resources from all Atlantic Provinces. This blog offers an opportunity for community members to discuss day-to-day issues.

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Fact sheets: Non-profit and co-operative sectors


Nova Scotia (pdf, 1068.32KB)

New Brunswick (pdf, 1068.32KB)

Prince Edward Island (pdf, 1072.18KB)

Newfoundland and Labrador (pdf, 911.75KB)

References (pdf, 343.35KB)

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Bibliographies and Reference Lists  

These documents have been produced through our research network. They offer a variety of sources of information relating to the social economy.

Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network Bibliography: Project Outputs: Complete list of Network products received from 2005-2010

Research Relating to the Social Economy and Indigenous Communities: An Annotated Bibliography

MSVU Social Economy Reference List (PDF, 252.45 KB)

Social Economy Web Resources (PDF, 75.98 KB)

Nouvelle Économie Sociale Bibliographie (PDF, 41 KB) (available in French only)
The Emergence and Dissemination of the new social economy in the Acadian Peninsula by Isabelle Légère, Programme de doctorat en service social, École de service social, Université Laval July 2005

Annotated Bibliography - Communications and Social Economy - April 2006 (PDF, 366KB)

Usability Sociability Links Sub Node 6, Hollett, 2007 (doc, 33kb)

Referencing aspects of the social economy: An annotated bibliography of practitioner and academic literature, web-resources and websites (pdf,1335kb)

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Additional Publications, Conference Presentations and Websites

Nonprofit Good Practice Guide  
"The Nonprofit Good Practice Guide was created in 2002 with the goal of capturing, organizing, disseminating and promoting the use of knowledge in the nonprofit sector. In 2007, the site was redesigned with additional interactive features making it more intuitive and of even greater benefit. Since its inception, the Nonprofit Good Practice Guide has become an invaluable resource to users in all 50 states and over 140 countries.  The Guide is a project of the Nonprofit Leadership Institute at the Dorothy A. Johnson Center for Philanthropy & Nonprofit Leadership. In 2007, the Institute was renamed the Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Foundation Nonprofit Leadership Institute in recognition of a generous donation from the Foundation to promote good practice throughout the nonprofit sector. This pledge of support will allow the Institute to expand and enhance current offerings and to continue its tradition of providing support, education, and information to leaders of nonprofit organizations.  The Guide provides easily accessible and continuously updated information on virtually all aspects of managing a nonprofit organization.  It can be used as a quick reference in preparation for meetings, as a training tool, or for in-depth research."  (extracted from the website:  June 2008)

The Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary
This university has an online site to access the sources used to research topics in not for profit organizations. The list is not comprehensive, but intended to highlight key research tools.

39th Parliament, 1st session: Standing Committee on Human Resources, Social Development and the Status of Persons with Disabilities

N. Neamtan, C. Hunter, D. LePage, S. Savage, J. Mennie, T. Martin (November 21, 2006)
These proceedings provide a useful overview of what's happening in Canada in regards to the Social Economy! Valuable definitions of the terms social economy and social economy enterprises are found throughout the proceedings.

CCN Coastal Community Networks Nova Scotia
A large voice for rural Nova Scotia

Co-operatives and the Social Economy:  An Approach to Mapping in Atlantic Canada (PDF, 142 KB)  . Brown, M. Hall, L. Thériault (May 30, 2006)


Social Economy Atlantic-East meets East

(video-taped interview)

Dr. L. Brown interviews Dr. J. Tharamangalam, Dr. M.A. Ooman, and G.K Karanth about their research, and the social economy in Kerala, India. Their SSHRC supported project is titled Lessons in Human Development: A Comparative Study of Kerala and Cuba.


Québec Node Team Meeting presentation (PDF, 280 KB) 

L. Brown (June 5, 2006)


Rapport sur la 2e Colloque Provincial du Réseau Québécois de recherche partenariale en Économie sociale
(pdf, 77.04KB) (2008) par Nadine Gauvin, community partner, SN4, Executive Director/ Directrice générale, Southern Gulf of St.Lawrence Coalition on Sustainability/Coalition pour la viabilité du sud du Golfe du Saint-Laurent, Moncton, NB
(available in French only)


Social Auditing:  Presentation to the Workshop on Measurement & Accounting Models (PDF, 143 KB) 

L. Brown, P. Hough (Feb 11, 2006)


Social Economy Project Fact Sheets: Fact Sheets on the Social Economy research projects that were identified by the CSE Hub and six regional nodes as being of greatest interest to policy-makers.

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CIRIEC International

CIRIEC (International Centre of Research and Information on the Public, Social and Cooperative Economy) is a non-governmental international scientific organization.

Its objectives are to undertake and promote the collection of information, scientific research, and the publication of works on economic sectors and activities oriented towards the service of the general and collective interest:

·    action by the public authorities in economic fields (economic policy, regulation,...);

·    public utilities;

·    public and mixed enterprises at the national, regional and municipal levels;

·    the so-called "social economy" (not-for-profit economy, cooperatives, mutuals, and non-profit organizations);

·    workers’ participation.

In these fields CIRIEC seeks to offer information and opportunities for mutual enrichment to practitioners and academics and for promoting international action. It develops activities of interest for both managers and researchers.

European Research Network

EMES is a research network of established university research centres and individual researchers whose goal is to gradually build up a European corpus of theoretical and empirical knowledge, pluralistic in disciplines and methodology, around “Third Sector” issues.

EMES' membership is composed of institutions and individuals who have shared a work experience in producing trust-based, high-quality research. However, whenever prospects for international projects arise, EMES welcomes collaborations with non-member researchers or centers.


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Free Online Data for Community Research

Newfoundland and Labrador Community Accounts

"Sharing Data, Providing Information, Developing Knowledge to explore the Well-Being for the people of Newfoundland and Labrador."

Nova Scotia Community Counts

"Hundreds of Communities. Thousands of Facts. One website."

A community embodies a wide range of characteristics. Nova Scotia Community Counts presents socio-economic and other data that illustrate the unique nature of each community. With easily accessible information, Community Counts also allows comparisons of community resources among regional, provincial, and national levels to present a more complete picture of Nova Scotian communities.

Prince Edward Island Community Accounts

"Sharing Data, Providing Information, Developing Knowledge to explore the Well-Being for the people of Prince Edward Island"

Description on

The purpose of this tree is to help non-profit and voluntary organizations interested in obtaining charitable status understand the responsibilities and requirements of administering a registered charity. By using this decision tree, your organization will obtain a print-out that answers the following questions:

  1. Will registration benefit our group?
  2. Will our application likely be approved?

Make sure you have 15 to 20 minutes to complete the tree. We promise that your information will not be viewed by or be available to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).

More than 85,000 charities are registered with the CRA. Although these charities are appreciated for the work they do, people must be aware that registering and becoming a charity is a very large responsibility.

Charitable registration is not always the right choice. Operating a charity means your organization will be subject to complex laws and demanding rules. It will be required to complete lengthy and detailed forms on an ongoing basis. It can often take up to 18 months to register, and the procedures can be time-consuming and even confusing.

Please note: All information in this decision tree is general and should be used as a guideline only. Any conflict about an organization’s activities will depend on how the CRA and courts look at the specific situation. If you have any concerns, we recommend that you get legal advice.

Community Economic Development Investment Funds (CEDIFs)

Community Economic Development Investment Funds (CEDIFs) can be used to support entrepreneurship and local economic development efforts.

A CEDIF is a pool of capital, formed through the sale of shares to persons
within a defined community, created to operate or invest in local business.

The Nova Scotia Co-operative Council is considered an expert on CEDIFs and
would be willing to work with any member wishing to start one.

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